Importancia del constructo sentido de la vida en diferentes ámbitos psicológicos aplicados / Importance of the meaningful construction of life in different applied areas

Antonio Sánchez Cabaco

Resumen


Resumen

Se lleva a cabo una revisión de la literatura sobre las variables asociadas al constructo sentido de la vida, pilar central de las corrientes psicológicas en sus inicios pero que sigue teniendo una utilidad heurística en la investigación actual. Ciertamente permanece constante la evaluación a través del test PIL (Purpose in Life), dado que es el instrumento más utilizado, con adaptaciones en diferentes idiomas y con buenos indicadores de calidad psicométrica. Los resultados encontrados en la investigación evidencian que la presencia de sentido es un amortiguador ante situaciones de estrés o de enfermedad física y su ausencia, vacío existencial, disminuye la resiliencia y la adaptación a los retos cotidianos o extraordinarios. Se discuten, finalmente algunas consideraciones aplicadas desde posicionamientos más actuales de la Psicología Positiva, pero que tienen un enorme paralelismo con las formulaciones iniciales de V.E. Frankl.

Palabras clave: sentido vital, felicidad, bienestar, salud

Abstract

A literature review is carried out on the variables associated with the meaning construct of life, the central pillar of the psychological currents in its beginnings but which continues to have a heuristic utility in current research. Certainly the evaluation is constant through the PIL (Purpose in Life) test, given that it is the most widely used instrument, with adaptations in different languages and with good psychometric quality indicators. The results found in the research show that the presence of meaning is a buffer against situations of stress or physical illness and its absence, existential vacuum, reduces resilience and adaptation to daily or extraordinary challenges (catastrophes, mourning, etc.). Finally, we discuss some considerations applied from more current positions of Positive Psychology, but that have an enormous parallelism with the initial
formulations of V.E. Frankl.

Keywords: Meaning of life, happiness, well-being, health

Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9953-5619

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17398/2340-4256.13.17


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Referencias


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